Saturday, September 24, 2022

The Creation/Evolution Of Human Species

By T.O. Shanavas, New Age Islam 24 September 2022 The Qur’anic verse 29:20 decrees that Muslims must explore and discover His process of creation: “Say [Muhammad to your people]: ‘Travel through the earth and see how Allah did originate creation; so will Allah produce a later creation: for Allah has power over all things” (Quran: 29:20). If it is humanly impossible to discover and explain God’s process of creation, all-knowing God would not have decreed to research and learn “how Allah did originate creation … will produce a later creation.” Moreover, the verse spells out that all tools necessary to learn the process of the divine creation available on the earth (“travel through the earth and see how …”). Although Almighty God’s means to act is infinite, based on the above verse, whatever processes of the creation that God applied is humanly discoverable. Here I describe the divine process of creation of modern human (Homo Sapien Sapien). According to the theory of evolution, humans and apes evolved from their ancestral species (Figure 1) by a fusion of two chromosomes. Humans have 46 chromosomes, whereas our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos, both have 48 chromosomes, as do all other great apes such as gorillas and orangutans, chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan (Figure 2). The chromosomes are numbered 1-23 pairs in human and the 1-24 in apes (Figure 2) . Figure 1. Human And Ape Evolution With Chromosomal Fusion From Common Ancestor . Figure 2. Human And Ape Chromosomes. The modern cytogenetic studies show that we, the modern humans, were created out of the head-to-head fusion of two ancestral chromosomes, that remain separate in other primates. What is the evidence for the fusion? A chromosome has telomeres with six-base sequence of the DNA letters TTAGGG at the ends, and a centromere at the junction of its short and long arm (Figure 3). Figure 3. Unlike other 22 human chromosomes, chromosome 2 has two telomeres with six-base sequence of the DNA letters TTAGGG and two centromeres instead of one. Here is a highly simplified visualization of this fusion process from Brown University biologist Kenneth Miller. Figure 4 Chromosomal Fusion In other words, the genetic evidence is precisely what you would expect to see if evolution is true. And that speaks volumes about the power of the theory to explain human evolution/creation. Analyses being performed currently on genomes of extinct species, that are directly related to us, such as Denisovans and Neanderthals, reveal that these species already presented the chromosome fusion that originated the long chromosome 2 that is characteristic of humans. Therefore, this rearrangement of chromosomes goes a long way back in time. Using various methods date, it is estimated to be from 0.75 to 4.5 million years ago. References Yunis JJ, Prakash O. The origin of man: a chromosomal pictorial legacy. Science. 1982;215:1525–30. Ken Miller Human Chromosome 2 Genome – YouTube ----- T.O. Shanavas is a native of Kerala, but is now based in the USA.He is the author of “Islamic Theory of evolution of Evolution The Missing Link Between Darwin and The Origin of Species.” Co-author of the book, And God Said, "Let There Be Evolution!": Reconciling The Book Of Genesis, The Qur'an, And The Ken Miller Human Chromosome 2 Genome - YouTube URL: New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women in West, Islam Women and Feminism

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