Tuesday, May 28, 2019

A Neo-Salafi view of Shirk as an Unforgivable Sin: In Salafi worldview, Hadith Writers from Persian Empire Secretly Deviated Muslims from the Quran

By Irshad Mahmood, New Age Islam
24 May 2019
Cause and Effects are interrelated. What you plant now, you will harvest later. Vast Majority of Ummah is indulged in falsehood which has no link to the Quran. Why Allah’s anger is on Ummat-e-Ibrahim for Centuries? Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, (Ref: Al_Quran_004.116). Allah never destroys any nation while its people were unaware, but by named Muslims are aware of it from the Quran so paying more prices on NOT practicing the Quran and becoming Hypocrites and Mushriks, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.085, 006.131, 042.021-022). Arab Countries were badly destroyed and none of them have power to defend themselves. Reading the Quran but practicing something else is hypocrisy and SHIRK. Allah’s help may not come because of committing SHIRK. None argue concerning the revelations (Ayaat) of Allah but those who Disbelieves ..., (Al_Quran_040.004).
Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate ruled large Muslim Populations from 909 - 1171. Spread Hearsay to Deviate Ummah from the Quran. Started Al-Azhar University in the name of Fatima tuz Zahra (RA) from Cairo in Egypt for their Hypocritic Mission. In around 1164, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi lead his army with his uncle Shirkuh a General of Zengid army, who later concurred Fatmid Caliphate but FAILED to do Total 100% Cleanups to our beliefs.
We must refrain from all kinds of hearsay to avoid Shirks and we must take guidance from the Quran alone and build more Quranic Educational Centers to explain the Quran alone. All Hadeeth writers were from Persian Empire who secretly deviated Muslims from the Quran. Promoters of Hadeeth are Deniers of the Quran. We must ponder on the Quran & make sure to test each and every Hadeeth. We must find the Roots of all Kinds of Shirk.  … The command rests with none but Allah …, (Ref: Al_Quran_006.057).
Do You Have Certificate from Allah for Wrong Doing?
Have We sent down to them any authority which speaks in favor of what they associate with Him, (Ref: Al_Quran_030.035)?
All Kinds of Astrologer or Fortuneteller or Palmistry are SHIRK: Finding Fate or Believing on by Wearing Rings or thread etc., will Change Ones Fate is Shirk:
O you who believe! Strong Drink (Intoxicants), gambling, idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan’s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that you may succeed, (Ref: Al_Quran_005.090).
Say (O Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him), to the disbelievers): I say not unto you (that) I possess the treasures of Allah, nor that I have knowledge of the Unseen; and I say not unto you: Lo! I am an angel. I follow only that which is inspired in me. Say: Are the blind man and the seer equal? Will you not then take thought, (Ref: Al_Quran_006.050)?
Say (O Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him): I have no power over any good or harm to myself except as Allah wills. If I had knowledge of the Unseen, I should have multiplied all good and no evil should have touched me: I am but a Warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to those who have Faith, (Ref: Al_Quran_007.188).
Then, when We decreed (Solomon’s Peace-Be-Upon-Him) death, nothing showed them his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his staff: so when he fell down, the Jinns saw plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would Not have tarried in the humiliating Penalty (of their Task), (Ref: Al_Quran_034.014).
Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (Alone). It is He Who knows rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone (including Messengers) know what it is that he will earn on tomorrow: nor does anyone (including Messengers) know in what land he is to die. Verily with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things), (Ref: Al_Quran_031.034).
Men ask you (O Muhammad PBUH) concerning the Hour: say, The knowledge thereof is with Allah (alone): and what will make thee understand? Perchance the Hour is nigh, (Ref: Al_Quran_033.063).
Dividing into Sects is SHIRK:
As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you have no part in them in the least: their affair is with God: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did, (Ref: Al_Quran_006.159).
Cherry Picking Or Following Own Wish Is Shirk: Iblees (Shaitaan) Was The First One Who Committed Cherry Picking Shirk:
Have you seen him who chooses for his god his own lust (wish)? Would you then be guardian over him? Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like a cattle, no, but are more worse! (Ref: Al_Quran_025.043-044).
Have you then considered him who takes his low desire for his god, and Allah has made him err having knowledge and has set a seal upon his ear and his heart and put a covering upon his eye. Who can then guide him after Allah? Will you not then be mindful, (Ref: Al_Quran_045.023)?
These are nothing but names which you yourselves have devised, you and your forefathers. God has sent down no authority for them. They follow nothing but conjecture and what their own selves desire, even though guidance has already come to them from their Lord! Or shall man have what he wishes? But it is to God that the Hereafter and this world belong, (Ref: Al_Quran_053.023-025).
Punishment For Those Who Commit Cherry Picking Or Following Own Wish:
Yet, here you are, slaying one another and driving some of your own people from their homelands, aiding one another against them, committing sin and aggression; but if they came to you as captives, you would ransom them. Surely their very expulsion was unlawful for you. Do you believe in one part of the Book and deny another part of it? Those of you who act thus shall be rewarded with disgrace in this world and with a severe punishment on the Day of Resurrection. God is never unaware of what you do, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.085).
Grave Worshiping is Shirk:
You cannot make the dead hear, nor even make the deaf hear the Appeal once they have turned their backs on it, (Ref: Al_Quran_030.052).
If you pray unto them they hear you not your prayer, and if they heard they could not grant it you. On the Day of Resurrection they will disown association with you. None can inform you like Him Who is Aware, (Ref: Al_Quran_035.014).
Mixing Hearsay (Hadeeth Bukhari Muslims Etc.) Along With the Quran is Shirk:
Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, and the strangled (animal) and that beaten to death, and that killed by a fall and that killed by being smitten with the horn, and that which wild beasts have eaten, except what you slaughter, and what is sacrificed on stones set up (for idols) and that you divide by the arrows; that is a transgression. This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion (100%) and completed My favor (100%) on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion; but whoever is compelled by hunger, not inclining willfully to sin, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful, (Ref: Al_Quran_005.003).
Say: I am commanded that I should serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience, (Ref: Al_Quran_039.011).
They were commanded only to worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, to be sincere in their faith, to pray regularly; and to give alms, for that is the right religion, (Ref: Al_Quran_098.005).
When something is perfected & completed by Allah means there is nothing to add or subtract, PERIOD. Any book including books of Hadeeth NOT existed during the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) don’t deserved to be called as part of DEEN. Be Quranic Muslim and apply its wisdom in today’s time to succeed.
Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate ruled large Muslim Populations from 909 - 1171. Spread Hearsay to Deviate Ummah from the Quran. Started Al-Azhar University in the name of Fatima tuz Zahra (RA) from Cairo in Egypt for their Hypocritic Mission. In around 1164, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi lead his army with his uncle Shirkuh a General of Zengid army, who later CONCURRED Fatmid Caliphate but FAILED to do Total 100% Cleanups to our beliefs. All the books of Hadeeth were written around 200 years after Prophet (PBUH).
We MUST refrain from all kinds of hearsay to avoid SHIRKS and MUST take guidance from the Quran alone and build more Quranic Educational Centers to explain the Quran alone. All Hadeeth writers were from Persian Empire who secretly deviated Muslims from the Quran. Promoters of Hadeeth are Deniers of the Quran. MUST ponder on the Quran & make sure to TEST each and every Hadeeth. We MUST find the Roots of all Kinds of Shirk.
Making Intercessors (Shafaat) With Allah Is SHIRK:
And they serve beside Allah what can neither harm them nor profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors (Shafaat) with Allah. Say: Do you (presume to) inform Allah of what He knows not in the heavens and the earth? Glory be to Him, and supremely exalted is He above what they set up (with Him), (Ref: Al_Quran_010.018).
That day intercession (Shafaat) will not benefit for (anyone) except whom the most Gracious permitted for him and He is pleased a saying for him, (Ref: Al_Quran_020.109).
They do not possess the intercession (Shafaat) except who took a covenant near the most Gracious, (Ref: Al_Quran_019.087).
And those whom they call from other than Him, do not possess the intercession (Shafaat) except who witnessed with the truth and they know, (Ref: Al_Quran_043.086).
Say, for Allah is the intercession (Shafaat) all together. The kingdom of the skies and the earth is for Him. Then you will return towards Him, (Ref: Al_Quran_039.044).
Believing Jesus (PBUH) Died For Our Sins Is SHIRK:
What messages Christians are passing to those who don’t believe with this ideology other than “all the criminals join together and find an innocent and punish this innocent” BUT declare around the world that that person die for their sins and now they will go to heaven, is totally unjust.
And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Isa son of Marium, the messenger of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Isa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure, (Ref: Al_Quran_004.157).
Believing Jesus (PBUH) as GOD is Shirk:
They say, The Most Gracious One (Allah/God) has begotten a son. Certainly, you have uttered a monstrous falsehood. The heavens might well-nigh burst thereat, and the earth break asunder, and the mountains fall down in pieces, because they ascribe a son to the Most Gracious One (Allah/God). And it is not worthy of the Most Beneficent Allah/God that He should take (to Himself) a son, (Ref: Al_Quran_019.088-092).
Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely God is the Christ the son of Marium; and the Messiah said: O Children of Israel! Serve Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Surely whoever associates (others) with Allah, then Allah has forbidden to him the garden, and his abode is the fire; and there shall be no helpers for the unjust, (Ref: Al_Quran_005.072).
Believing Jesus (PBUH) As Three In One Of GOD Is Shirk:
Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely Allah is the third (person) of the three; and there is no god but the one Allah, and if they desist not from what they say, a painful chastisement shall befall those among them, who disbelieve, (Ref: Al_Quran_005.073).
Allah is JUST:
Believing on Jesus (PBUH) died for our sins is UNJUST and is like all criminals join together and punish one innocent and believing that he died for our sins is UNJUST, while Allah is true JUST.
Surely Allah does not do injustice to the weight of an atom, and if it is a good deed He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward, (Ref: Al_Quran_004.040).
Surely Allah does not do any injustice to human, but human are unjust to themselves, (Ref: Al_Quran_010.044).
This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.141).
No burden-bearer shall bear burden of another, and if some over-laden soul should call out for someone else to carry his load, not the least portion of it will be borne for him, even though he were a near relative. You can only warn those who fear their Lord in the unseen, and pray regularly. Anyone who purifies himself will benefit greatly from doing so. To God all shall return, (Ref: Al_Quran_035.018).
Priesthood or Priest Worshiping is SHIRK:
They have taken their learned men and their monks (Ulema and Mashaikh) for their lords besides God. So have they taken the Messiah, son of Mary, although they were commanded to worship only the One God. There is no deity but He. He is far above whatever they set up as His partners! (Ref: Al_Quran_009.031).
Planets (Sun or Moon) Worshiping is SHIRK:
And among His signs are the night and the day and the sun and the moon; do not prostrate to the sun nor to the moon; and prostrate to Allah Who created them, if Him it is that you serve, (Ref: Al_Quran_041.037).
Calling others for Help besides Allah is SHIRK: Making Lords/Saviors Other than Allah which includes Prophets or Messengers or any other things:
Your Lord has said, Call on Me, and I will answer your prayers. But those who are too arrogant to worship Me will certainly enter Hell, in disgrace, (Ref: Al_Quran_040.060).
Then after sorrow He sent down security upon you, a calm coming upon a party of you, and (there was) another party whom their own souls had rendered anxious; they entertained about Allah thoughts of ignorance quite unjustly, saying: We have no hand in the affair. Say: Surely the affair is wholly (in the hands) of Allah. They conceal within their souls what they would not reveal to you. They say: Had we any hand in the affair, we would not have been slain here. Say: Had you remained in your houses, those for whom slaughter was ordained would certainly have gone forth to the places where they would be slain, and that Allah might test what was in your breasts and that He might purge what was in your hearts; and Allah knows what is in the breasts, (Ref: Al_Quran_003.154).
He makes the night pass into the day and He makes the day pass into the night. He has subjected the sun and the moon, each running for an appointed term. Such is God, your Lord: His is the kingdom. Those whom you invoke besides Him do not own so much as the skin of a date stone, (Ref: Al_Quran_035.013).
O men! It is you who stand in need of God. God is self-sufficient, and praiseworthy, (Ref: Al_Quran_035.015).
Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He creates what He pleases; He grants to whom He pleases daughters and grants to whom He pleases sons. Or He makes them of both sorts, male and female; and He makes whom He pleases barren; surely He is the Knowing, the Powerful, (Ref: Al_Quran_042.049-050).
O you who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow NOT the footsteps of the Devil/Satan one; surely he is your an open enemy, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.208).
He is the living (One): There is no god but He: Call upon Him giving Him sincere devotion. Praise be to Allah Lord of the Worlds!  Say: "I have been forbidden to invoke those whom you invoke besides Allah seeing that the Clear Signs have come to me from my Lord: and I have been commanded to bow (in Islam) to the Lord of the Worlds", (Ref: Al_Quran_040.065-066).
Yet there are some who set up equals with God and adore them with the adoration due to God, but those who believe love God most. If only the wrongdoers could see as they will see when they face the punishment that all power belongs to God, and that God is severe in punishment, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.165).
Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin, (Ref: Al_Quran_004.048).
Surely Allah does not forgive that anything (Animals or Books or People or Planets or any other items) associated with Him. He forgives whoever He will for anything other than that. Whoever ascribes partners to God has strayed far indeed, (Ref: Al_Quran_004.116).
Say, Do you worship something other than God, that has no power to do you harm or good? God alone is the All Hearing and All Knowing, (Ref: Al_Quran_005.076).
Those whom you call on besides God are but creatures like yourselves. Call upon them, then, and let them respond to you, if what you say is true, (Ref: Al_Quran_007.194).
And (as for) those who take guardians/protectors besides Him, Allah watches over them, and you have not charge over them, (Ref: Al_Quran_042.006).
Have they taken for themselves protectors other than Him? But it is God who is the real Protector. He resurrects the dead, and He has power over all things, (Ref: Al_Quran_042.009).
Do they have associate God's who have laid down for them a religion without the permission of Allah? Had it not been for God's decree on the final Judgment, the matter would have been decided between them. Surely the wrongdoers shall have a painful punishment, (Ref: Al_Quran_042.021).
And then they will be asked, Where are those whom you associated besides Allah? They shall say: They are gone away from us, nay, we used not to call upon anything before. Thus does Allah confound the unbelievers. That is because you exulted in the land unjustly and because you behaved insolently. Enter the gates of hell to abide therein, evil then is the abode of the proud, (Ref: Al_Quran_040.073-076).
What! do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My servants to be guardians besides Me? Surely We have prepared hell for the entertainment of the unbelievers, (Ref: Al_Quran_018.102).
And whoever invokes with Allah another god-- he has no proof of this-- his reckoning is only with his Lord; surely the unbelievers shall not be successful, (Ref: Al_Quran_023.117).
Yet they have taken, besides Him, deities who create nothing and are themselves created, and who have no power to harm, or benefit themselves and who control neither death, nor life, nor resurrection, (Ref: Al_Quran_025.003).
And (We sent) Ibrahim, when he said to his people: Serve Allah and be careful of (your duty to) Him; this is best for you, if you did but know. You only worship idols besides Allah and you create a lie surely they whom you serve besides Allah do not control for you any sustenance, therefore seek the sustenance from Allah and serve Him and be grateful to Him; to Him you shall be brought back, (Ref: Al_Quran_029.016-017).
Those who take protectors other than God can be compared to the spider which builds itself a cobweb, but the frailest of all structures is the house of the spider, if they but knew it, (Ref: Al_Quran_029.041).
That (shall be so); and whoever respects the sacred ordinances of Allah, it is better for him with his Lord; and the cattle are made lawful for you, except that which is recited to you, therefore avoid the uncleanness of the idols and avoid false words, being upright for Allah, not associating aught with Him and whoever associates (others) with Allah, it is as though he had fallen from on high, then the birds snatch him away or the wind carries him off to a far-distant place, (Ref: Al_Quran_022.030-031).
It is We who sent down the Book to you [Prophet] with the Truth, so worship God with your total devotion. It is to Allah alone that sincere obedience is due. And those who take other guardians besides Him say, We serve them only that they may bring us nearer to God. Surely, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. God does not guide anyone who is bent on lying and is a disbelieving liar, (Ref: Al_Quran_039.002-003).
Say, Ignorant men! Would you bid me worship someone other than God? It has already been revealed to you and to those who have gone before you that if you ascribe any partner to God, all your works will come to nothing, and you will surely be among the losers, (Ref: Al_Quran_039.064-065).
Those who never invoke any other deity besides God, nor take a life which God has made sacred, except with the right to do so, nor commit adultery. Anyone who does that shall face punishment. The punishment shall be doubled to him on the day of resurrection, and he shall abide therein in abasement. Except him who repents and believes and does a good deed; so these are they of whom Allah changes the evil deeds to good ones; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful, (Ref: Al_Quran_025.068-070).
And do not invoke besides Allah that which neither benefits you nor harms you, for if you did, then indeed you would be of the wrongdoers', (Ref: Al_Quran_010.106).
And if Allah should touch you with adversity (hardship), there is no remover of it except Him. And if He touches you with good – then He is over all things competent, (Ref: Al_Quran_006.017).
Say, "Shall we invoke instead of Allah that which neither benefits us nor harms us and be turned back on our heels after Allah has guided us, (Ref: Al_Quran_006,071)?
Say, "Then who could prevent Allah at all if He intended for you harm or intended for you benefit, (Ref: Al_Quran_048.011)?
Say, "I possess not for myself any harm or benefit except what Allah should will, (Ref: Al_Quran_010.049).
Say, "Have you then taken besides Him allies not possessing [even] for themselves any benefit or any harm", (Ref: Al_Quran_013.016)?
He(Ibrahim) said, "Do they hear you when you supplicate? Or do they benefit you, or do they harm", (Ref: Al_Quran_026.072-073)?
Not being Grateful to Allah is SHIRK:
And certainly We gave wisdom to Luqman, saying: Be grateful to Allah. And whoever is grateful, he is only grateful for his own soul; and whoever is ungrateful, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, Praised, (Ref: Al_Quran_031.012).
Mixing up their faith is Shirk: Do NOT Mix Hearsay or Hadeeth in DEEN:
Those who believe and do not mix up their faith with iniquity, those are they who shall have the security and they are those who go aright, (Ref: Al_Quran_006.082).
So when they ride in the ships they call upon Allah, being sincerely obedient to Him, but when He brings them safe to the land, lo! they associate others (with Him), (Ref: Al_Quran_029.065).
Shortcut Islam is Shirk:
Many of by named Muslims indulge into many Shortcuts which is clearly Shirk and also it is Top Killer Muslims as well. e.g., Just reciting few verses or Surahs or making Taveez of it, or by performing few acts of ritual worships and your problem will be solved. Many of them are indulge in many falsehoods for which they have no links to the Quran. Their priorities MUST be to save humanity by all means. Arabs are first in line, perhaps it is because of the Quran is in their language and they are not following the Quran in spirit. Later other by named Muslims may suffer since now in almost every language translation of the Quran is available.
Demands of Quran and follow it in spirit:
You Must Believe in the Quran otherwise you are welcoming Curse of Allah;
You Must Read the Quran with understanding/translation otherwise you are welcoming Curse of Allah;
You Must Understand the Quran otherwise you are welcoming Curse of Allah;
You Must Practically Act upon Teachings of the Quran in spirit otherwise you are welcoming Curse of Allah;
You Must Convey the Messages of the Quran to others otherwise you are welcoming Curse of Allah;
The Best Definition of God:
Say: He, Allah, is One. Allah is He on Whom all depend. He begets not, nor is He begotten. And there is none like Him (UNIQUE), (Ref: Al_Quran_112.001-004).
There is no god except Allah The Living, the ever Established, no slumber / drowsiness can seize Him, nor sleep. Whatever is in the skies and in the earth is for Him. Who is there that can intercede (Shafaat) in His presence except with His permission. He knows what is in front of them and behind them. And nor shall they encompass of His knowledge except with what He wills. His throne extends over the skies and the earth and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving both of them, And He is the High, the Supreme, (Ref: Al_Quran_002.255).
Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, (and) the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not-- light upon light-- Allah guides to His light whom He pleases, and Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is Cognizant of all things, (Ref: Ref: Al_Quran_024:035).
Hidden Shirk Angering Allah:
Look at present situation of Ummah, being butchered all over the world from north to south and from east to west. This Ummah is involved in many Shirk and Biddah.
Question rises, Why are they being butchered for centuries? One of the main reason is deviated from the Quran and doing Shirk, due to which Allah is NOT listening to our Duaas during all our worships and this is a Curse from Allah.
For Example: As per Quran Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) went on Miraj. BUT twisted story was added in Hadeeth some 200 years later to deviate Ummah. Jewish Prophet Musa (PBUH) told Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) again and again to go back to reduced Salaat/Prayers from 50 time to 5 times is Crystal Clear Shirk, since it is elevating Jewish Prophet Musa (PBUH) over Allah. Allah has created human and He knows very well what He has created and don’t put more burden on anyone than they can afford. Going on Your Own Wish is MOST Dangerous Shirk.
As per Quran Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) cannot make listen to those who are buried in the Grave which includes from Prophet Adam till Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and NON of them know when will they be resurrected again.
Believing or Practicing or Supporting anything which Contradicts the Quran is SHIRK.  Elevating any animals including Cows, Dagon, Hanuman, Monkey, Pantheon, Snakes etc. near or close to Allah/God is SHIRK. Elevating/Promoting any BOOKS including all Books of Hadeeth near or close to the Quran is SHIRK. Elevating anyone including Prophets/Messengers or Auliyaas or Sheikh/Scholars etc. near or close to Allah/God is SHIRK. Elevating any Planets including Earth or Mars or Moon or Sun or Venus etc. near or close to Allah/God is SHIRK. Elevating anything near or close to Allah/God is SHIRK. False Accusations on Allah is SHIRK. Believing on Jesus/Isaa (PBUH) is Alive is SHIRK. Mixing the Quran with Sunnah is SHIRK. Also NOT Uplifting or NOT Promoting the Quran is SHIRK, since you might be giving more importance to other things over promoting the Quran.
Leave all Kinds of SHIRKS to SUCCEED. Return to the Quran 100% otherwise Curse of Allah may NOT be lifted.
All Masjids MUST teach Quranic Arabic Language to those who don’t understand Quran Arabic Language.
If Quran Cannot Convince You Nothing Will, (Ref: Al_Quran_004:087, 007:185, 039:023, 052:033-034, 053:056-059, 056:075-082, 068:044, 077:050).

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