The True Essence of the Islamic State
By Dr. Mohammad Ghitreef (Shahbaz Nadwi), New Age Islam
The ideal concept of state in Islamic perspective was perfectly represented by the rightly guided caliphate (الخلافة الراشدة), wherein the final say in every matter was given in accordance with the commandments of Allah, the Almighty and Shura (consultative body), an Islamic term that could be applied to parliamentary system now. All human freedoms such as freedom of belief and creed, freedom of thought and expression, freedom of electing representatives etc. were completely ensured and protected. People were free to go or settle wherever they wanted to. They were free to do whatever they wished to, provided that they did not violate the parameters led down by the Sharia. Rights of religious minorities, rights of women, rights of children and rights of all citizens of the state were safe, intact and preserved. There was nothing like royal family, dynasty, privileged group or special class in the Islamic state. All were equal before the law. Maintaining law and order was the first and foremost priority of the state machinery. Establishment was held accountable for its entire doings before the caliph or governor appointed by him. And the caliph was responsible to the public for whatever he did or decided.