Monday, October 3, 2011

Urdu Section
03 Oct 2011, NewAgeIslam.Com
Misaaq-i-Madinah: First Written Constitution of the World

By Nilofar Ahmed

WHEN the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) migrated to Madinah there was no ruler, no written rules and consequently, no accountability for crimes committed. The mightiest had a free hand, while the weak had to hide behind the strong, usually the tribe or the leader of the tribe, in order to survive.There were constant internecine, tribal wars with a general lawlessness prevailing in Arabia. The Prophet at once set about organising the city in order to give it the semblance of a state and to codify laws, which would form the basis of what can safely be called a basic constitution. --Nilofar Ahmed (Translated from English by Samiur Rahman,

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