Often we hear about Salafism or Salafi Muslims in the media. The term/concept Salafism has become salient recently with the electoral success by various ‘Salafi’ Muslim parties in Egypt or the chaos in Maldives. However, the concept is poorly understood. What does the concept mean in the Islamic tradition? This article is an excerpt (minus the references) on Salafism from my recently published book: Constructing a Religiously Ideal ‘Believer’ and ‘Woman’ in Islam….